For the purposes of this title, certain words and phrases used herein shall be construed as defined in this chapter.
“AASHTO” means American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
“Adjoining owners” means record owners of those properties of which one or more boundaries are in common with a boundary of the property being subdivided. If, however, the property owner is the Borough then “adjoining owners” shall include the record owners of property located within 1,000 feet from the boundaries of the property being subdivided, unless the property being subdivided is within a city then the distance shall be decreased by 50 percent. Record owners shall be determined by the records entered in the file of the Borough Assessor. “Adjoining owners” includes those separated by a dedicated right-of-way.
“Aliquot section parts” means land description within the rectangular survey system as established by the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, using the section method of describing parcels of land by half sections, quarter sections, or any further division into equal halves or quarters with no remainder.
“Base material” means hard, durable particles or fragments of stone or gravel, free of muck, organics or other deleterious material, four-inch maximum size, 20 percent to 55 percent passing No. 4 screen, and no more than 10 percent passing the 200 sieve. Materials that break up when alternately frozen and thawed or wetted and dried may not be used. All materials shall have a degradation value, as measured by Alaska Test Method 313, of 25 or greater for local roads and pioneer roads and of 35 or greater for collector roads. Base materials of less than a degradation of 25 or 35 (depending on road classification) may be approved by the Borough engineer when supported by a design prepared, signed and sealed by a registered professional. Upon completion of the required road construction, the registered professional shall provide a letter with the final plat stating the roads appear to meet the intent of the design. The design must address at a minimum but not be limited to methods for obtaining degradation testing samples, mining of materials that met degradation values, stockpiling materials prior to placement on roads, placing materials on roads to eliminate silt pockets, and roadside drainage and road crown that adequately keeps roadway drained.
“Block” means a tract of land bounded by roads or a combination of roads, railroads, parks, or shorelines of waterbodies.
“Borough” means the Fairbanks North Star Borough.
“Borough Engineer” means the Director of Public Works or designee.
“Certificate of waiver” means a written instrument in lieu of a plat which creates a subdivision. It contains the approval of the Platting Board, the legal descriptions of parcels created by aliquot parts or an attached certificate of survey, is executed by the owners of the property affected, and certified and recorded by the Platting Officer.
“Communication/utility site” means a parcel of land reserved by an agency or a public utility company for a telecommunication facility, substation, lift station, or water treatment facility.
“Community sewer system” means any system, whether publicly or privately owned, serving two or more dwelling units or business establishments for collection and disposal of wastewater.
“Cul-de-sac” means a end of road or right-of-way which terminates in a vehicular turnaround.
“Dedication” means the deliberate grant of land by an owner to the public for any general and public use, reserving to themselves no other rights than such as are compatible with the full exercise and enjoyment of the public uses to which the property has been devoted.
“Depth” means the average length of the two longest lines or series of lines most perpendicular to the access for the lot.
“Easement” means nonpossessory interest in land owned by another that entitles the holder to a specified limited use.
“Flag stem” means the long narrow strip used as access to the flag lot.
“FNSBC” means the Fairbanks North Star Borough Code.
“Frontage” means that dimension of a lot which abuts upon a road right-of-way or other access.
“Improvement” means any construction incident to servicing or furnishing facilities for a subdivision, including, but not limited to, grading, street surfacing, curbs and gutters, driveway approaches, sidewalks, water mains and lines, sanitary sewers, storm sewers, power facilities, communication facilities, other utilities, culverts, and bridges.
“Interested persons” means those individuals who received notice as an adjoining property owner or who timely apply to participate and prove that they possess a specific property interest that is significantly affected by the proposed action in a way different than that of the general public. For purpose of verbal testimony only, interested persons include, when the applicant is a public entity (including an agency, political subdivision or other component unit of the public entity), the citizens of that public entity.
“ITE” means the Institute of Transportation Engineers.
“Lot” means any measured portion, parcel, or tract of land which is described by deed or lease of more than five years, fixed in a plat of records or intended for transfer of ownership.
“Monument” means a marker set in ground to designate the locations of boundary corners or lines.
“Plat” means a two-dimensional representation of a tract or parcel of land proposed for subdivision, resubdivision, dedication, or vacation, which portrays all necessary data for locating and retracing property lines created and all easements and dedications of record, created, or to be abandoned in the course of subdivision. The plat contains information required by this title under preliminary and final plat specifications and is intended for recordation in the local recording district.
“Public utility” means an agency that is licensed, authorized, and regulated to provide utility services for public use.
“Public utility easement” means a portion of land reserved for the purpose of providing utility services by an agency or public utility.
“Registered professional” means an engineer or surveyor or other state-certified professional who is acting within their area of practice as defined by state law and who is qualified under state law by virtue of education, experience, and registration to perform, sign, approve, or seal the required document, work or service.
“Shoulder” is a portion of the roadway contiguous with the traveled way that provides lateral support of subbase, base and surface courses.
“Subdivision” means the division of a tract or parcel of land into two or more lots, sites, or other divisions, irrespective of their size before or after division, including the dedication to public use of a street or other specified area in or through a tract of land. “Subdivision” is not limited only to the conveyance of title but includes contracts to convey title and leases of land for five or more years.
“Surface course material” means fractured stone or fractured gravel with 70 percent minimum single face fracture, consisting of sound, tough, durable pebbles or rock fragments of uniform quality, free of muck, organics and other deleterious material and meeting the current gradation requirements of E-1 surface course as specified in the State of Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities Standard Specifications for Highway Construction and having a minimum degradation value of 25 or 35 depending on road classification.
“Switchback” means that condition on a local road where the change in direction on the centerline exceeds 135 degrees and the design radius is less than 127 feet.
“Trafficway” means that portion of a right-of-way which is improved for use by traffic.
Trails. “Category A” means trails which typically have a statewide or regional significance and are identified in the adopted comprehensive recreational trail plan (CRTP). These trails are located primarily on state or federal lands and are required to be reserved as dedicated easements in the course of subdivision. Category A trails are intended for management by state or federal authority, as appropriate. “Category B” means trails which typically have a community-wide significance and are identified in the adopted CRTP. These trails cross both public and private lands and are required to be reserved as dedicated easements in the course of subdivision. Category B trails are intended for management by the Borough. “Category C” means trails of neighborhood or local significance and are identified in the adopted CRTP. These trails cross both public and private lands. Dedication of Category C trails shall not be required in the course of subdivision.